Steroid equivalent dose table

The use of antibiotics and short-acting beta-2-agonist bronchodilators in children with typical croup are rarely indicated because of the low incidence of bacterial infection (<1:1000 cases of croup) as well as for physiological reasons. An otorhinolaryngology (ORL) consultation for airway evaluation is indicated when croup symptoms are persistently severe despite treatment. Outpatient referral to ORL is recommended for children with multiple croup episodes and for those who present outside the usual age group for typical croup ( Figure 1 ).

Persons who are on drugs which suppress the immune system are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chicken pox and measles , for example, can have a more serious or even fatal course in non-immune children or adults on corticosteroids. In such children or adults who have not had these diseases particular care should be taken to avoid exposure. How the dose, route and duration of corticosteroid administration affects the risk of developing a disseminated infection is not known. The contribution of the underlying disease and/or prior corticosteroid treatment to the risk is also not known. If exposed, to chicken pox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) may be indicated. If exposed to measles, prophylaxis with pooled intramuscular immunoglobulin (IG) may be indicated. (See the respective package inserts for complete VZIG and IG prescribing information.) If chicken pox develops, treatment with antiviral agents may be considered. Similarly, corticosteroids should be used with great care in patients with known or suspected Strongyloides (threadworm) infestation. In such patients, corticosteroid-induced immunosuppression may lead to Strongyloides hyperinfection and dissemination with widespread larval migration, often accompanied by severe enterocolitis and potentially fatal gram-negative septicemia .

The first isolation and structure identifications of prednisone and prednisolone were done in 1950 by Arthur Nobile . [22] [23] [24] The first commercially feasible synthesis of prednisone was carried out in 1955 in the laboratories of Schering Corporation, which later became Schering-Plough Corporation , by Arthur Nobile and coworkers. [25] They discovered that cortisone could be microbiologically oxidized to prednisone by the bacterium Corynebacterium simplex. The same process was used to prepare prednisolone from hydrocortisone . [26]

As someone who lives with Crohn's disease, I have taken such prednisone bursts on many occasions, the longest of which was about a 50 mg / 10 day burst without any sort of taper afterwards. My GI specialist informed me that such treatment was perfectly OK in my case given my health status and age at the time (late 20s, early 30s at the time). He said that bursts in the elderly carry an increased risk as their natural adrenal production will be suppressed much more quickly by the prednisone than that of a younger person. Furthermore, recent periods of long-term steroid treatment can also reduce the time in which it takes for an individual's body to cease its natural adrenal production and as such must be taken into account. Your prescribing doctor will take all of these things into consideration when he prescribes the prednisone, so I wouldn't worry too much about it.

Steroid equivalent dose table

steroid equivalent dose table

As someone who lives with Crohn's disease, I have taken such prednisone bursts on many occasions, the longest of which was about a 50 mg / 10 day burst without any sort of taper afterwards. My GI specialist informed me that such treatment was perfectly OK in my case given my health status and age at the time (late 20s, early 30s at the time). He said that bursts in the elderly carry an increased risk as their natural adrenal production will be suppressed much more quickly by the prednisone than that of a younger person. Furthermore, recent periods of long-term steroid treatment can also reduce the time in which it takes for an individual's body to cease its natural adrenal production and as such must be taken into account. Your prescribing doctor will take all of these things into consideration when he prescribes the prednisone, so I wouldn't worry too much about it.

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